Full form – Indian space research organization.
Full form in Hindi – भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन
In this lesson, we would study following points
- Satellite Orbits
- Important Indian satellites
- Indian Launch vehicles
- Indian Space Stations
- Important Events & Facts
- In 1962 a Organization was formed name as Indian Space Research Committee.
- Thumba Rocket Launch Site was Constructed at Thiruvananthapuram.
- In 1969 Re Organization was formed name as Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO).
- Aryabhatta first satellite of india launched by ISRO from Kosmos-3M Rocket at Kapustin Yar, Russia in 19 April 1975.
According to Altitude
- Low Earth orbit (LEO): Geocentric orbits with altitudes from 160 to 2,000 km (ISS, Hubble telescope).
- Medium Earth orbit (MEO): altitude from 2,000 km to 35,786 kilometers with an orbital period of 12 hours. (Navigation GPS,Glonass, communication).
- Geosynchronous orbit (GSO) and geostationary orbit (GEO) Above 35,786 Km with an orbital period of 24 hours.
3. Important Indian satellites
- Metsat (kalpana-1)
- Record of 104
4. Indian Launch Vehicles
SLV-3 was first vehicle of india which capacity of 40 kg.
ASLV (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle) was second vehicle of India which capacity of 150 kg,
Launch 4 satellite, 1 was success.
PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) is third vehicle.
First flight PSLV: 20 September 1993
Capacity- 1400 – 3800 Kg
Mission- 39 ( 2 Fail )
Satellite launched- 46 Indian, 180 Foreigners
GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) is fourth vehicle
Version – Mk 1, Mk 2, Mk 3
First flight- 18 April 2001
Capacity- 2500 – 5000 kg9 ( Mk-3 2500- 10000 kg)
Mission- 11 ( 5 Fail )
Engine- Cryogenic technology
Fuel- liquid Hydrogen (-250 C) liquid Oxygen (-183 C )
5. Indian Space Stations
- Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (TLS) – Located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. in 1962.
- Satish Dhawan Space Centre- It is located in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. Formed 1 October 1971.
- Master Control Facility- in the city of Hassan in the Indian state of Karnataka.Established in 1982.
- Satellite Center (ISAC)- It was established in 1972 in Peenya Industrial Estates of Bengaluru.
- National Remote Sensing Agency- Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India,Founded: 1974 is responsible for acquisition, processing, supply of satellite data.
6. Important Events & Facts
- Dr. vikram Sarabhai is father of Indian Space Program.
- Satish dhawan was first chairman of ISRO.
- Headquerter located at Bangluru.
- India is 4th country reached on mars in the world and 1st in Asia
- Aditya is program of India for Sun.
- First rocket launched by ISRO from Thumba Station.
- Nike epas is first rocket launched by India.
- Rakesh sharma was gone space via Soyuz 2 in 1984.
- Apple was India’s first geostationary satellite.
- Antrix Corporation is Business organization of ISRO.
- Kalpana chawla was first Indian woman gone to space by Columbia spacecraft.
if you have any questions, please write in comment box.
Best of Luck !